The State Duma adopted a law on the creation in Russia of a unified state system of traceability of grain and grain products. The document provides for the creation of the Federal State Information System for Traceability of Grain and its Processing Products, which will allow tracing their life cycle from production to release into circulation. It will make it possible to ensure the accounting of the volume of consignments of grain and products of its processing during their circulation, to analyze and process the information provided and to control their reliability.
This system should include information on producers, owners, carriers of grain and those who store it, consignors, consignees, as well as on consignments of grain and grain products, their consumer properties, on grain purchases in the federal intervention fund, on the results of the state grain monitoring, etc. State monitoring of grain should be carried out in order to provide agricultural producers with reliable data and to provide state authorities with information on the consumer properties of grain. The monitoring will be carried out by a federal body authorized by the government of the Russian Federation.
The law also prohibits the import into and export of grain from Russia without shipping documents for the consignment. To draw up such a document, it is envisaged to conduct laboratory research at the expense of the manufacturer by persons accredited in the national accreditation system. The law should enter into force on January 1, 2022, and state control in the field of ensuring the quality and safety of grain and its processed products will be carried out from July 1, 2021 by federal bodies authorized by the government.
Now there is no unified system in Russia that allows tracking grain balances at all stages. And due to the lack of data on the quality of the produced grain, it is impossible to control the quality and safety of grain supplied to processing plants, as well as to control the contribution of each region to the production and further export of grain, the authors of this legislative initiative, deputies Alexey Gordeev, Vladimir Kashin and Oleg Lebedev, explained earlier.